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Introduction of Mandatory Reporting in 2011 will Provide a Leg up for Efforts to Curb HAI
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), Malaysia was estimated to have 400,000 cases of HAI, amounting to 13.9 per cent of the total hospital admissions in 2010. Hence, the Malaysian Government is sparing no efforts to develop effective measures to stem the tide of this deadly infection. As the Government is coming up with protocols for the prevention and control of infections in line with the WHO?s guidelines, participants in the infection control market can utilise the opportunity to establish their presence in Malaysia. This could be accomplished by working together with healthcare service providers and influencers in the market. Infection control teams have been set up in hospitals across Malaysia, thereby reducing mortality and morbidity. ?The importance of infection control has been emphasized by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and Malaysia has been actively promoting the hand hygiene programme nation-wide,? notes the analyst of this research service. ?Based on the recommendations from WHO, MOH is developing the Malaysian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System to streamline the present method of surveillance.?
Despite the tremendous measures taken by the MOH since 2001, prevalence of HAI in Malaysian hospitals is high by international standards. HAI has also caused a huge strain on the country?s healthcare system. While continuous training and education programmes are organised by the MOH, healthcare workers operating in rural set-ups are not able to attend such programmes due to shortage of funds. Further, the shortage of both funds and manpower in public hospitals in Malaysia make it difficult to comply with patient safety regulations. The role of infection control professionals (ICPs) is limited to developing policies, procedures and education programmes, and they require time to implement prevention and control interventions and track staff practices. Funding from sponsors will be vital for augmenting safety standards in the healthcare setting.
The key issue is that currently there is no mandatory reporting of HAI, and authorities collect HAI-related data from 14 out of the total 144 public hospitals. Monitoring and control of HAI are conducted monthly in all MOH hospitals in collaboration with the university hospitals. Similarly, private hospitals also collect incidences of HAI for both internal and external reporting. The MOH has its own national incident reporting system. However, the Patient Safety Council Malaysia is planning to roll out a mandatory National Incident Reporting and Learning System on selected incidents to be reported by both public and private hospitals from 2011. ?Key opinion leaders (KOLs) expect improvements in the scenario after the reporting of infection control becomes mandatory,? says the analyst. ?This will help raise the bar on the quality of healthcare services in Malaysia and bring it up to international standards.?
Expert Frost & Sullivan analysts thoroughly examine the following market sectors in this research:
Surgical site infections
Respiratory tract infections
Urinary tract infections